Role-based access control (RBAC) enables you to define the privileges and responsibilities of administrative users (administrators). Every administrator must have a user account that specifies a role and authentication method.
define access to specific configuration settings, logs, and reports within Panorama and firewall contexts. For Device Group and Template administrators, you can map roles to
Access Domains, which define access to specific device groups, templates, and firewalls (through context switching). By combining each access domain with a role, you can enforce the separation of information among the functional or regional areas of your organization. For example, you can limit an administrator to monitoring activities for data center firewalls but allow that administrator to set policies for test lab firewalls. By default, every Panorama appliance (virtual appliance or M-Series appliance) has a predefined administrative account (admin) that provides full read-write access ( superuser access) to all functional areas and to all device groups, templates, and firewalls. For each administrator, you can define the minimum password complexity, a password profile, and an authentication profile that determines how Panorama verifies user access credentials.
You configure administrator accounts based on the security requirements of your organization, any existing authentication services with which to integrate, and the required administrative roles. A
role defines the type of system access that is available to an administrator. You can define and restrict access as broadly or granularly as required, depending on the security requirements of your organization. For example, you might decide that a data center administrator can have access to all device and networking configurations, but a security administrator can control only security policy definitions, while other key individuals can have limited CLI or XML API access. The role types are:
|Admin Role Profile||Description|
An authentication profile specifies the authentication service that validates the credentials of an administrator during login and defines how Panorama accesses the service. If you create a local administrator account on Panorama, you can authenticate the administrator to the local database, use an external service (RADIUS, TACACS+, LDAP, or Kerberos server), or use Kerberos single sign-on (SSO). If you use an external service, you must
configure a server profile
Configure an Admin Role Profile. If you want to use an external service for both account administration (instead of creating local accounts) and for authentication, you must
Configure RADIUS Vendor-Specific Attributes for Administrator Authentication.
Some environments have multiple databases for different users and user groups. To authenticate to multiple authentication sources (for example, local database and LDAP),
configure an authentication sequence. An authentication sequence is a ranked order of authentication profiles that an administrator is matched against when logging in. Panorama checks against the local database first, and then checks each profile in sequence until the administrator is successfully authenticated. The administrator is denied access to Panorama only if authentication fails for all the profiles defined in the authentication sequence.
Access domains control administrative access to specific device groups (to manage policies and objects) and templates (to manage network and device settings), and also control the ability to switch context to the web interface of managed firewalls. Access domains apply only to administrators with Device Group and Template roles. By combining access domains with
Administrative Roles, you can enforce the separation of information among the functional or regional areas of your organization.
You can manage access domains locally or by using RADIUS Vendor-Specific Attributes (VSAs). To use RADIUS VSAs, your network requires an existing RADIUS server and you must
configure a RADIUS server profile
to define how Panorama accesses the server. On the RADIUS server, you define a VSA attribute number and value for each administrator. The value defined must match the access domain configured on Panorama. When an administrator tries to log in to Panorama, Panorama queries the RADIUS server for the administrator access domain and attribute number. Based on the response from the RADIUS server, the administrator is authorized for access and is restricted to the firewalls, virtual systems, device groups, and templates that are assigned to the access domain.