Microsoft provides a tool, certreq.exe, with its certificate server, to create and submit certificate signing requests (CSR) to a Microsoft certificate server. These tools can be used in place of openssl for environments that use a Microsoft CA. The commands can be used from any domain member system. Certreq requires an
Overview This document explains the RADIUS Vendor Specific Attributes (VSA) used with the Palo Alto Networks Next Generation Firewalls and Panorama server. The configuration on the Palo Alto Networks device and Panorama server are identical. Note: Palo Alto Networks uses the vendor code: 25461 There are 5 attributes: PaloAlto-Admin-Role:
Details Configuring a Kerberos server allows users to authenticate natively to a domain controller. When the Kerberos settings are configured, Kerberos becomes available as an option when defining authentication profiles. Recommendations for configuring Kerberos are provided below: DNS Entries If using Active Directory, it is easiest to use the AD
The Secure Shell (SSH) is a protocol for secure remote login and other secure network services over an insecure network. SSH allows tunneling, which can be used to subvert firewalls and breach security policies. Users can "sneak through" a firewall by hiding applications that the firewall would normally block, wrapping
Yes. For URL filtering, file blocking, and antivirus profiles, you can automatically issue a block page by setting the policy action to "block". In order to issue a block page over SSL, you must also enable SSL decrypt. For more information on how to do this, please refer to the
System Log Fields: Type The purpose of the type field is to provide general categorization of events. This will typically be the feature that is related to the event (routing, vpn, ha, authentication, etc.) Severity Each event has an associated severity. The intent of the severity is to give the
Details It is possible to configure a Denial-of-Service (DoS) protection policy for a server. In the example below, users from the Internet are accessing the server, 184.108.40.206, which is NATed to 192.168.1.10. The DoS policy will be configured to protect the server with a maximum of 20000 sessions and 1000
Overview The lists below show OIDs for Palo Alto Networks Devices and useful OIDs from various MIBs for performing basic SNMP monitoring of the Palo Alto Networks device. OIDs for Palo Alto Networks Devices PA-200: 220.127.116.11.4.1.25418.104.22.168 PA-500: 22.214.171.124.4.1.254126.96.36.199 PA-2020: 188.8.131.52.4.1.254184.108.40.206 PA-2050: 220.127.116.11.4.1.25418.104.22.168 PA-3020: 22.214.171.124.4.1.254126.96.36.199 PA-3050: 188.8.131.52.4.1.254184.108.40.206 PA-3060: 220.127.116.11.4.1.25418.104.22.168 PA-4020: 22.214.171.124.4.1.254126.96.36.199
On most systems, ECC error messages similar to the following in the dp-console and system logs are a good indication that there is a system memory problem with a failed DIMM. Replacing the device is usually required. However, on the PA-500 series, the error could also indicate that software is
Overview This document describes how to manually import the policies of an existing Palo Alto Networks firewall into Panorama. Addresses, address groups, services and policies will be imported so the same policies can be applied to other firewalls that are managed by Panorama. Assumptions You have a PAN firewall that
Ethernet Cable (UTP): White color code Category 6 (550MHz) 7 ft (2.13 m) Console Cable: 6 ft (1.83 m) DB-9 Female to DB-9 Female (for PA-4000 series) DB-9 Female to RJ-45 (for PA-500/2000 series) owner: kmiwa
Overview The Report Stats Dump, found on the Palo Alto Networks firewall Device tab > Support , will only record the past 7 days from the current time by default. The stats dump provides the data used for the "Application, Visibility and Risk Report" compiled by Palo Alto Networks for
Though the communication is constant, there is very little bandwidth used for the traffic between the Palo Alto Networks firewall and the User-ID Agent or PAN-Agent. The summary below indicates the frequency of various queries: Every 2 seconds Get new user/IP mapping from the agent. Used to retrieve new user/IP
Cisco’s news at this years RSA Conference is the unveiling of SecureX. Cisco itself describes this next generation security architecture as “complicated” in that it includes new scanning elements, policy language and enforcement capabilities (endpoint control, presumably), all aimed at improving security in a broader range of contexts. While Cisco admits these context-aware scanning elements are “completely independent of the architecture”, the company is only talking about embedding them into its line of ASA firewalls. Is that a round-about way of answering enterprises’ call for a next-generation firewall?
AD Group Policy Overview Active Directory Group Policy allows you to manage your network from on high, governing how your users and computers operate within your AD environment. Policy settings can be created to target the logged-in user or the computer, and a variety of settings that can be
Overview This document is intented to give simple tips to help in configuring a Juniper to Palo Alto Networks VPN. In this sample configuration, a Juniper SRX firewall is using a route-based VPN configuration terminating at a Palo Alto Networks firewall. Tips IPSEC Proxy IDs The VPN will come up
Palo Alto Networks is a brash security vendor that believes its playing the role of disruptor in the staid security market with its high-performance, multifunction firewalls. Competitors have dismissed the upstart as having little room to expand features and functionality beyond its core value proposition. The answer: Take on complementary partners that round out the features and functionality of a firewall.
Palo Alto Networks Next-Generation Firewalls have several security features built in to prevent various types of hacking attempts. When detected, these packets are dropped by default and are not logged in traffic or threat logs. Viewing Global Counters Global counters indicate when traffic has been dropped by these security features.
PAN-OS has two predefined services, service-http and service-https. To migrate from NetScreen/Juniper's security policies using their predefined service easily, run (copy & paste) the following commands in CLI configuration mode and use it in security policy configuration. Note: Some service names are not exactly the same as the one used
Last Friday was the annual Data Privacy Day, held to raise awareness about data privacy issues among consumers, organizations, and government. A key piece of online data is information about a user’s location. While location information has enabled the delivery of interesting services, it has also raised security concerns. Social media applications allow users to share their location with friends and businesses that provide value-added services. But at the same time, they expose users to serious security issues such as the ones on PleaseRobMe.com and ICanStalkYou.com. Recently, concerns were raised by …
Overview Panorama saves a backup of every committed configuration from each device it manages. In addition, Panorama saves copies of its own committed configurations. To facilitate off-box backup requirements, the system supports a method to regularly export these backups to an external data store. This document describes the steps to
This week, Facebook announced HTTPS support for all communication between its servers and end users’ web browsers. This is the right thing for Facebook to do in light of recent proof that session hijacking of Web 2.0 applications is both easy and increasingly common with tools like Firesheep. While HTTPS is not yet on by default (users have to specify HTTPS in the Facebook URL), that is the stated intention. Note that Gmail went to default HTTPS a year ago. Both of these moves highlight an important trend – applications …
In our content updates over the last two weeks, we included App-IDs for 8 new applications – 3 of which are very interesting to me, as evidence for the continued movement towards browser-based filesharing, and another as proof of the increasingly common user expectation that personal digital content should be available everywhere – including at the office.
Set the interface in the applicable OSPF Area and check the box marked Passive. Routing updates will be accepted but not sent and no adjacencies will be formed. If an interface is edited and changed to passive mode, all existing adjacencies will be dropped. owner: panagent
Overview The Palo Alto Networks device supports anit-virus scanning for the following applications: ftp http https: (if SSL decrypt is enabled) imap pop3 smb SMBv2 Note: file blocking is also supported for SMBv2. However, there is a limitation when multiple files are sent at the same time. Because SMBv2 sends
Is the firewall obsolete? Probably not, but current implementations were never designed to cope with the threats posed by Webmail, various social networking tools, and even popular corporate collaboration applications like SharePoint and WebEx.