What are the cybersecurity needs of the public sector?
How can industry meet those needs today and into the future?
With our new data-driven culture, data must be and is everywhere. Everyone – Minister to citizen, student to patient, ally to ally – becomes both the "supplier" and the "consumer" of the government's information. The users of this information – military mission data, healthcare pandemic data, natural disaster insights, SCADA operations and more – need and expect more data. At faster speeds. In more places. As they want and need it.
Government information – and the communication of that information – is of critical value to adversaries: nation-states, terrorists, or other enemies of the state. The threat of impending attack against government IT and control systems running critical infrastructure and sensors is a steady threat. The sense of urgency is real.
About the Council
Palo Alto Networks Public Sector Advisory Council is an organization of retired military and civilian officers who advise Palo Alto Networks on the cybersecurity challenges and technology needs of the world's governments. Where has industry not yet met the needs of the government? How must the vendor community evolve to meet those needs?
Where do capabilities exist that have been slow to adopt but could otherwise significantly enhance the cyber capacity of government? The advice of this council will help answer these questions and, ultimately, improve the quality of cybersecurity available to the world's government institutions.
Khoo Boon Hui
KHOO BOON HUI
Former Sr Deputy Secretary, Singapore Ministry of Home Affairs
Mr. Khoo Boon Hui began his career in the Singapore Police Force (SPF) in 1977, after a short stint in the Singapore Armed Forces. In July 1997, he was appointed Commissioner of the Singapore Police Force, a post he held till January 2010. He also served as President of INTERPOL from 2008 to 2012. After his stint in the police force, Mr. Khoo was appointed as the Senior Deputy Secretary of the Ministry of Home Affairs from 2010 to 2014. He concurrently assumed the appointment as Director of the Institute of Leadership and Organisation Development, Civil Service College on 21 January 2013. Upon his retirement from the Government, Mr. Khoo was appointed the Senior Advisor of the Ministry of Home Affairs on 21 January 2015, and a year later was re-designated a Senior Fellow. He is also a Senior Fellow of the Home Team Academy and the Civil Service College.
He is concurrently the Deputy Chairman of the Singapore Quality Award Governing Council and serves on the boards of Singapore Technologies Engineering Ltd, Singapore Health Services Pte Ltd, Casino Regulatory Authority of Singapore, Certis CISCO and Temasek Foundation. He is an Advisor to INTERPOL, Standard Chartered Bank (UK)’s Board Financial Crime Risk Committee, the International Centre for Sports Security based in Qatar, Singapore’s National Cybersecurity R&D Programme and is a member of World Economic Forum Meta-Council on the Illicit Economy and the Global Initiative against Transnational Organized Crime. He co-chairs the annual US-Singapore Law Enforcement Homeland Security and Safety Cooperation Dialogue with his counterparts from the US Department of Justice and Homeland Security. He also chaired the first two ASEAN Senior Officials’ Roundtable on Cybercrime held in conjunction with the RSA Asia Pacific and Japan Conference.
He had previously served as Chairman of Technology Against Crime, the organiser of the International Forum on Technologies for a Safer World, based in France; and as an advisor to the Cambridge University Police Executive Program, Oxford University’s Journal of Policing and the Independent Commission on the Future of Policing in the UK.
He is also the Chairman of the Singapore Golf Association Governing Council and the Singapore Island Country Club; and serves on the Singapore Symphony Orchestra Council and YMCA Singapore’s Advisory Council.
Mr. Khoo obtained his Bachelor of Arts (Engineering Science & Economics) from Oxford University in 1976 and his Master in Public Administration from the Kennedy School of Government, Harvard in 1982. He attended the Advanced Management Program at Wharton in 2002 and has received numerous international honors and local awards.
General Peter Pace (Ret.)
GENERAL PETER PACE
United States Marine Corps (Retired)
Former Chairman, U.S. Joint Chiefs of Staff
General Peter Pace retired from active duty on October 1, 2007, after more than 40 years of service in the United States Marine Corps.
General Pace was sworn in as sixteenth Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff on Sep. 30, 2005. In this capacity, he served as the principal military advisor to the President, the Secretary of Defense, the National Security Council, and the Homeland Security Council. Prior to becoming Chairman, he served as Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. General Pace holds the distinction of being the first Marine to have served in either of these positions.
Born in Brooklyn and raised in Teaneck, NJ, General Pace was commissioned in June 1967, following graduation from the United States Naval Academy. He holds a Master of Science Degree in Administration from George Washington University, attended the Harvard University Senior Executives in National and International Security program, and graduated from the National War College.
During his distinguished career, General Pace has held command at virtually every level, beginning as a Rifle Platoon Leader in Vietnam. He also served as Commanding Officer of 2nd Battalion, 1st Marine Regiment; Commanding Officer of the Marine Barracks in Washington, D.C.; Deputy Commander, Marine Forces Somalia; Deputy Commander, Joint Task Force Somalia; Director of Operations for the Joint Staff; Commander, U.S., Marine Forces Atlantic/Europe/South; and Commander in Chief, US Southern Command.
In June, 2008, General Pace was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the highest civilian honor a President can bestow.
General Pace is currently serving on the Board of Directors of several corporate entities involved in management consulting, private equity, and IT security. He has served on the President’s Intelligence Advisory Board, and the Secretary of Defense’s Defense Policy Board. He also served as leader-in-residence and the Poling Chair of Business and Government for the Kelley School of Business, Indiana University. He is a Distinguished Visiting Research Scholar for Fordham University, and an Adjunct Faculty member of Georgetown University.
General Pace is associated with a number of charities focused on supporting the troops and their families, to include: He is Chairman of the Board for Wall Street Warfighters Foundation, an organization that provides training support and job placement services for disabled veterans interested in careers in the financial services industry. He is a long-standing member of the Board of Directors for the Marine Corps Law Enforcement Foundation – a charity that provides scholarship bonds to children of Marines or Federal law enforcement personnel who were killed while serving our country. He serves on the Advisory Board for Snowball Express, a charity focused on providing positive activities for children of our fallen military members. He and his wife Lynne are on the advisory board for Our Military Kids, an organization that supports children of deployed Guard and Reserve personnel with tutoring and enrichment activities. General Pace and his wife, Lynne, have a son, Peter; a daughter, Tiffany; a daughter-in-law, Lynsey Olczak Pace; and three grandchildren, Linden, Hadley, and Holden Pace.
James C. Trainor
JAMES C. TRAINOR
Former Assistant Director, Cyber, Federal Bureau of Investigation
James C. Trainor is Senior Vice President within Aon’s Cyber Solutions Group. Mr. Trainor joined Aon after a distinguished career at the Federal Bureau of Investigation, where he most recently led the Cyber Division at FBI Headquarters.
Mr. Trainor played a critical role in devising the FBI’s national strategy to combat cyber-crime and was the senior FBI executive responsible for all cyber investigations. During his three year tenure in the Cyber Division, Mr. Trainor led FBI Agents and Analysts in every major high-profile cyber investigation involving the FBI.
In his new role, Mr. Trainor will help shape Aon’s overall cyber strategy on behalf of clients, working closely with colleagues across technology, system integration, risk transfer and advisory to ensure a holistic and integrated approach.
Mr. Trainor joined the FBI as a Special Agent in 1996. Over his twenty year FBI career, he served in both overseas and domestic assignments focused on cyber, counterintelligence, counterterrorism, intelligence and criminal matters. He has served in field assignments in Chicago; New Haven, CT; Boston; New York City and at FBI Headquarters in Washington, DC.
Mr. Trainor is a graduate of Assumption College in Worcester, Massachusetts and obtained a master’s degree from the University of Connecticut. He is also a certified Chief Information Security Officer (CISO) from Carnegie Mellon University and has GIAC certifications in GISP, GSLC and GISF.
Prior to joining the FBI, he was a military intelligence officer for the U.S. Army.
Lieutenant General Rhett Hernandez (Ret.)
LIEUTENANT GENERAL RHETT HERNANDEZ (RET)
Former Commander, U.S. Army Cyber Command
Lieutenant General Hernandez retired on 1 November 2013 following 39 years of distinguished service in the United States Army. His last active duty assignment was as the first Commander of Army Cyber Command (ARCYBER), where he was responsible for the daily operations and defense of all Army networks, and when directed, conduct the full range of cyberspace operations. In addition to building a cyber force of more than 17,000 people, he led the development of a wide range of transformational concepts, plans and programs to increase the Army’s ability to conduct Land and Cyber operations. As the Army’s lead for all cyberspace activity, he was the force modernization proponent for cyber doctrine, training, leader development, organization, materiel and people. He developed strategic direction, requirements and an acquisition approach for all cyberspace operations in the Army. Additionally, he was responsible for the Army’s full-spectrum Information Operations (IO) organization, which provides IO theory development and training to operational application across military operations.
Previously General Hernandez served as the Deputy Chief of Staff, Army Operations; Chief, U.S. Military Training Mission, Saudi Arabia; and Commanding General, Human Resources Command. In all three positions, he was involved in key issues and decisions at the highest levels. In his role as the Deputy Chief of Staff, Army Operations, he oversaw Army operations worldwide, directed Army transformation efforts, co-chaired the programming and budget board, chaired the Army network modernization board, approved and prioritized Army requirements. As the Chief, Military Training Mission, Saudi Arabia, he was the senior defense official to the U.S. Ambassador. He led the largest security assistance program in the world, oversaw the Foreign Military Sales program, strengthened the strategic military partnership and increased readiness and interoperability.
As the Commanding General of Human Resources Command, General Hernandez directed the personnel management, from accession to retirement, for all soldiers and officers. He transformed personnel services and the management systems to support an Army at war.
General Hernandez has extensive operational experience, and has held commands at each level from Lieutenant to Lieutenant General. He served as the Assistant Division Commander, Support for 1st Armored Division and oversaw the division’s deployment and logistic operations in Baghdad, Iraq. As the Operations Chief in J-39, IO, he established and directed the IO Task Force responsible for supporting the integration of Combatant Command IO plans with USG activities.
General Hernandez holds a Bachelor of Science degree from the United States Military Academy, West Point, a Master of Science degree in Systems Engineering from the University of Virginia and a Masters of National Security Strategy from the National War College where he was named a distinguished graduate. His overseas experience includes tours in Germany, Iraq and Saudi Arabia.
Currently, General Hernandez serves as the West Point Cyber Chair to the Army Cyber Institute, is the President of CyberLens, LLC and serves as a cyber expert on advisory boards.
He and his loving wife, Pat, grew up together in Palmerton, PA and were married in 1976 upon graduation from West Point. They currently reside in the DC area and have two wonderful children.
Former CIO, U.S. Department of Defense
Teri Takai served as the Department of Defense Chief Information Officer (DoD CIO) until May of 2014, after being appointed in October 2010. In this capacity, she served as the principal advisor to the Secretary of Defense for Information Management/Information Technology and Information Assurance as well as non-intelligence Space systems, critical satellite communications, navigation, and timing programs, spectrum and telecommunications. She provided strategy, leadership, and guidance to create a unified information management and technology vision for the Department and to ensure the delivery of information technology based capabilities required to support the broad set of Department missions.
Prior to this federal political appointment, Ms. Takai served as Chief Information Officer for the State of California. As a member of the Governor's cabinet, she advised the governor on the strategic management and direction of information technology resources as the state worked to modernize and transform the way California does business with its citizens. Prior to her appointment in California, Ms. Takai served as Director of the Michigan Department of Information Technology (MDIT) since 2003, where she also served as the state's Chief Information Officer. In this position, she restructured and consolidated Michigan's resources by merging the state's information technology into one centralized department to service 19 agencies. Additionally, during her tenure at the MDIT, Ms. Takai led the state to being ranked number one four years in a row in digital government by the Center for Digital Government. Additionally, in 2005, Ms. Takai was named "Public Official of the Year" by Governing magazine.
Before serving in state government, Ms. Takai worked for the Ford Motor Company for 30 years, where she led the development of the company's information technology strategic plan. She also held positions in technology at EDS and Federal-Mogul Corporation. Ms. Takai earned a Master of Arts degree in management and a Bachelor of Arts degree in mathematics from the University of Michigan.
Richard A. Spires
RICHARD A. SPIRES
Former CIO, U.S. Department of Homeland Security
Richard A. Spires currently serves as the CEO of Resilient Network Systems, a San Francisco-based software firm that provides the Trust Network platform to bring trust to the cloud and the Internet of Things. Trust Networks virtualize real-world relationships and conditions of trust by resolving identities in the network and enforcing each party's rules in transit.
Mr. Spires was appointed and served as the Department of Homeland Security’s (DHS) Chief Information Officer (CIO) from August 2009 till May 2013. In this capacity, Mr. Spires was responsible for the strategy and operations of the department’s annual $5.6 billion investment in Information Technology (IT). Mr. Spires also served as the Vice-Chairman of the Federal Government CIO Council and the Co-Chairman of the Committee for National Security Systems (CNSS), the committee that sets standards for the US Government’s classified systems.
Mr. Spires held a number of positions at the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) from 2004 through 2008. He served as the Deputy Commissioner for Operations Support, having overall responsibility for the key support and administrative functions for the IRS, to include Information Technology, Human Capital, Finance, Shared Services, Real Estate, and Security functions. Prior to becoming Deputy Commissioner, Mr. Spires served as the IRS’ CIO, with overall strategic and operational responsibility for a $2 billion budget and a 7,000-person Modernization and Information Technology Services organization. Mr. Spires led the IRS’s Business Systems Modernization program for two and half years, which is one of the largest and most complex information technology modernization efforts undertaken to date.
From 2000 through 2003, Mr. Spires served as President, Chief Operating Officer, and Director of Mantas, Inc., a software company that provides business intelligence solutions to the financial services industry. Prior to Mantas, Mr. Spires spent more than 16 years serving in a number of technical and managerial positions at SRA International.
Mr. Spires currently serves on the Board of Directors of Learning Tree International (NASDAQ: LTRE), Acentia, Inc., and Mortgage Harmony Corporation.
Mr. Spires received a B.S. in Electrical Engineering and a B.A. in Mathematical Sciences from the University of Cincinnati. He also holds a M.S. in Electrical Engineering from the George Washington University. Mr. Spires has won a number of awards for his leadership in IT, to include the 2012 Fed 100 Government Executive Eagle Award, TechAmerica’s 2012 Government Executive of the Year, Government Computer News 2011 Civilian Government Executive of the Year and was named a Distinguished Alumnus of the University of Cincinnati’s College of Engineering in 2006.
Sir Iain Lobban
SIR IAIN LOBBAN
Former Director, U.K. Government Communications Headquarters (GCHQ)
From July 2008 until November 2014, Sir Iain was the Director of Government Communications Headquarters in the United Kingdom, having previously served as its Director General for Operations from 2004. This represented a period of over ten years’ leadership of operational delivery in contexts as varied as counter terrorism; cyber defence; support to the military campaigns in Iraq, Afghanistan and Libya; the prevention and detection of serious crime; and the development of an integrated service of intelligence and security.
As the GCHQ Director he attended the UK’s National Security Council on a weekly basis from its very first meeting in May 2010 and was a Principal member of the Joint Intelligence Committee for over six years.
Cyber Security, both nationally and internationally, has been at the heart of his role in recent years where he has set new direction for innovative partnering with the private sector and with academia.
His reputation is of a transformational leader and he is credited with repositioning GCHQ externally, seeing and grasping the opportunity to radically reshape GCHQ’s role for the cyber security era, as well as with spearheading GCHQ’s internal transformation over the last decade: organisationally and culturally. He was a member of GCHQ’s Board for 13 years, almost half of that period as its Chair, employing a rigorous set of governance systems built around corporate risks, programme and project management described as “world-class”, a strong emphasis on compliance and ethics, and a bold work-force strategy with groundbreaking public service policies.
Sir Iain is now engaged in three fields: the advocacy and demystification of Cyber Security, providing strategic advice and personal perspective, nationally and internationally, to governments and businesses; sharing lessons and insights on strategic and institutional leadership; and entrepreneurship, in the broadest sense of the word.
A Partner and senior strategy adviser at C5 Holdings, he is also on the Board Financial Crime Risk Committee at Standard Chartered Bank. He formed part of the independent panel of experts advising the Australian Prime Minister on Australia’s Cyber Security policies and strategies. He also acts as the Chairman of the Advisory Board of CyLon, Europe’s only incubator space dedicated to developing early stage cyber security companies, and is involved in a number of roles in academia.
He was made a Knight Commander of the Order of St. Michael and St. George in the 2013 New Year Honours, having previously been made a Companion of the Order of the Bath in the 2006 Honours.
Richard H. Ledgett, Jr. (Rick)
Richard H. Ledgett, Jr. (Rick)
Mr. Ledgett has four decades of intelligence, cyber security and cyber operations experience, including 29 years with the National Security Agency (NSA), the largest intelligence organization in the U.S., where he served as Deputy Director from January 2014 until his retirement in April 2017. In that capacity he led a global entity with almost 200 operating locations around the world and acted as the Agency’s chief operating officer, responsible for providing foreign intelligence and protecting our country’s most important national security-related networks and information.
Mr. Ledgett led NSA’s Media Leaks Task Force, responsible for the totality of the Agency’s efforts following the unauthorized disclosure of classified information in June 2013. He also led the NSA’s 24/7 Threat Operations Center (NTOC), responsible for identifying and countering cyber threats to our national security systems. Mr. Ledgett was selected as the Intelligence Community’s first National Intelligence Manager for Cyber, serving as principal advisor to the Director of National Intelligence on all cyber matters. In this capacity, he was responsible for integrating cyber activities across 16 intelligence agencies and numerous international partners, and he developed the first National Intelligence Strategy for cyber. He was also the DNI’s Director for Collection, overseeing all of the Intelligence Community’s collection programs.
Previous jobs at NSA included leading global collection and cryptanalytic operations, global language and analytic operations, and all NSA activities in the Pacific area. He was an instructor and course developer at the National Cryptologic School and an adjunct instructor at the National Intelligence University. Mr. Ledgett spent nearly 11 years in the U.S. Army and completed six field tours between the Army and the NSA.
Mr. Ledgett is a Senior Fellow at the Harvard Kennedy School’s Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs. He is on the Board of Directors of M&T Bank, and is a member of several advisory boards.
Chris Painter is a globally recognized leader and expert on cybersecurity, cyber policy, Cyber Diplomacy and combatting cybercrime. He has been on the vanguard of US and international cyber issues for over twenty-five years—first as a leading federal prosecutor of some of the most high-profile cybercrime cases in the country, then as a senior official at the Department of Justice, the FBI, the National Security Council and finally as the world’s first top cyber diplomat at the State Department. He has helped drive, initiated or been involved in virtually every major US cyber policy for over a decade and has created innovative new organizations and approaches to deal with threats and take advantage of opportunities in cyberspace. Among other things, he currently serves as a Commissioner on the Global Commission for the Stability of Cyberspace, a member of the Board of Directors for the Center for Internet Security and has been named the Bartels World Affairs Fellow for 2017-18 by Cornell University.
In his most recent government role as the nation’s top cyber diplomat, Mr. Painter coordinated and led the United States’ diplomatic efforts to advance an open, interoperable, secure and reliable Internet and information infrastructure and advised the Secretary and Deputy Secretary of State on these emerging issues. The pioneering office that Mr. Painter established — the Office of the Coordinator for Cyber Issues — was the first high-level position and office dedicated to advancing the diplomatic aspects of cyber issues ranging from national security to human rights matters anywhere in the world. Today more than 25 countries have created similar positions. In this role, Mr. Painter worked closely with the White House, other agencies, the private sector and civil society to create and implement US international cyberspace policies. These crosscutting issues include promoting norms of responsible state behavior and cyber stability, preventing cyber conflict, enhancing deterrence, advancing cybersecurity, fighting cybercrime, promoting multi-stakeholder Internet governance and advancing Internet freedom. Among many other things, Mr. Painter was instrumental in negotiating a landmark agreement regarding the theft of intellectual property with China, negotiating a comprehensive cyber cooperation agreement with India, using diplomatic and other tools to combat high-profile cyber attacks and intrusions, and launching first of their kind “whole of government” cyber dialogues and capacity building programs with dozens of countries in Europe, Asia, the Americas, the Middle East and Africa. He and his team also spearheaded the promotion of an international framework of cyber stability that includes building a consensus around norms of acceptable behavior and getting agreement on transparency and confidence-building measures designed to reduce the risk of miscalculation that could inadvertently lead to cyber warfare.
From 2009-2011, Mr. Painter served in the White House as the first Senior Director for Cyber Policy and Acting Cyber Coordinator in the National Security Council. He advised the President, the National Security Advisor, and the Homeland Security Advisor on a wide range of cyber issues and ran numerous high-level interagency and multi-stakeholder processes to develop and carry out US cyber policy. He was a senior member of the team that conducted the President's Cyberspace Policy Review in 2009 and he subsequently helped create and then structure a new directorate in the National Security Council devoted to these issues. He also proposed and then coordinated the development of the President’s 2011 International Strategy for Cyberspace — the first such strategy by any country.
Mr. Painter began his federal career as an Assistant US Attorney in Los Angeles where he led some of the most high profile and significant cybercrime prosecutions in the country, including the prosecution of notorious computer hacker Kevin Mitnick, the first two Internet stock manipulation cases in the country, and one of the first high profile distributed denial of service cases that knocked many prominent Internet companies off-line. He subsequently helped lead the case and policy efforts of the Computer Crime and Intellectual Property Section in the US Department of Justice where he supervised national security and cybercrime matters, developed international networks to advance the fight against cybercrime and chaired the cutting edge G8 High Tech Crime Subgroup from 2002-2012. He also served, for a short time, as Deputy Assistant Director of the FBI’s Cyber Division focusing on a range of national security, cybercrime, international and industry issues. Prior to joining the US government, Mr. Painter was an attorney at the law firm of Arnold and Porter where he specialized in securities litigation, communications law, international trade and pro bono matters.
Mr. Painter has been a frequent media spokesperson and presenter on cyber issues around the globe. He has given over one hundred presentations and speeches to industry, government, academic and international audiences and testified on numerous occasions before Congress. He is the recipient of the prestigious RSA Award for Excellence in the Field of Public Policy (2016), the CES Government Technology Leadership Award (2018), the Attorney General’s Award for Exceptional Service, the Intelligence Community Legal Award and has been named to the “Federal 100” list, among other honors. He is a graduate of Stanford Law School and Cornell University and clerked for US Circuit Judge Betty Fletcher.