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Book Review by Canon Committee Member, Ben Rothke, Information Disposition: A Practical Guide to the Secure, Compliant Disposal of Records, Media and IT Assets, 2017 by Robert J. Johnson.
Information Disposition: A Practical Guide to the Secure, Compliant Disposal of Records, Media and IT Assets is the definitive reference for those looking to create an enterprise data and media destruction process and program.
George Santayana said that those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it. Taking license, when it comes to getting rid of old data, those who don’t dispose of it properly are condemned to live with the serious consequences.
Data life cycle management (DLM) is a process that manages data flows across an organization throughout its life cycle. DLM ensures proper data handling from initial creation to end of life, when the data is deleted. However, far too many organizations never get around to figuring out how to get rid of data that is no longer needed. Over time, that can add up to exabytes or more of data that, if not disposed of properly, place the organization at risk.
When it comes to document and media destruction, many firms start with NIST Special Publication 800-88 Guidelines for Media Sanitization. NIST defines destruction as “the result of actions taken to ensure that media cannot be reused as originally intended and that information is virtually impossible to recover or prohibitively expensive.”
For those who want to go above and beyond the NIST document and create a more formal and expansive program, in Information Disposition: A Practical Guide to the Secure, Compliant Disposal of Records, Media and IT Assets, author Robert Johnson has written an incredibly valuable reference that details the myriad issues related to data destruction.
Whether it’s due to regulatory issues, legal or IT risk, or just as a best practice, every organization needs to have a program and process in place to deal with data destruction.
Johnson is the CEO of the National Association for Information Destruction (NAID), a trade association for companies providing information destruction services. NAID's mission is to promote the information destruction industry, and the standards and ethics of its member companies.
Many organizations don’t appreciate how much data they have. When you consider the sheer amount of data stores, including hard drives, external drives, RAID, mobile phones, SD cards, CD-ROM, thumb drives, embedded media, optical drives and more, they will understand how large a task data destruction is. As the volume of stored data grows exponentially, the amount of data that needs to be destroyed increases.
The book’s seven chapters and many appendices provide the reader with nearly everything they need to know about the entire destruction lifecycle. Topics covered include: data protection regulations, physical security, records and information management (RIM) principles, secure destruction methodologies, information disposition policies and procedures, how to pick a service provider, and much more.
Data destruction does not occur in a vacuum, and firms that ensure they have a formal program in place can rest easier by knowing they have reduced their regulatory risk, in addition to risk surface area.
With a $179.00 list price (NAID and ARMA members can get the book heavily discounted), the book might initially seem expensive. But from a risk mitigation perspective, where hundreds of hours of legal fees may be incurred, that amount turns into a bargain.
My only issue with the book is that, given its price, it does not include electronic versions of the policies and processes. Aside from this is a well-written tactical guide that every organization can, and should, put into use.
Every organization has documents and media that need to be properly destroyed. That, combined with never-ending concerns about data privacy, regulatory compliance, along with the continuously growing capacity of data media, means it is imperative that unwanted data storage components be properly destroyed when they reach the end of their useful life.
Data destruction is relatively easy to do right, and equally easy to do wrong. For those who want to do it right, Information Disposition: A Practical Guide to the Secure, Compliant Disposal of Records, Media and IT Assets should be their go-to guide. It certainly deserves its place in the Cybersecurity Canon.